Made up of steel, aluminum, rubber or plastic, a bumper absorbs shock from car accidents and also reduces or prevents physical damage to the front and rear of vehicles in low-speed crashes. Bumpers are primarily designed to protect the hood, trunk, grill, fuel, exhaust and cooling system.

The bumper is also designed to protect pedestrians from serious injury in cases of accidental collision. For this, manufacturers select the optimal rigidity and equip them with additional elements like rubberized cushions.

Depending on the design idea of ​​the automaker, the bumper in the car can be integrated into the body visually to improve vehicle beauty and aesthetics.